The Holistic/Biologic Approach to Dentistry
Definition of Holistic: characterized by comprehension of the parts of something as intimately interconnected and explicable only by reference to the whole.
Medicine: characterized by the treatment of the whole person, taking into account mental and social factors, rather than just the physical symptoms of a disease.
Originally, the term used in considering the relationship of the body, mind, and spirit was “wholistic”. From there the term “holistic” evolved, emphasizing the importance of the whole and the interdependence of its parts. Relative to the practice of dentistry, there is no recognized specialty that would allow one to be called a Holistic or Biologic dentist, thus the use of the terms “The Holistic or Biologic Approach” to the practice of dentistry.
Beginning in my first year of dental school, during our gross anatomy course where we dissected an entire cadaver, I became fascinated with how our bodies are designed. The intricacies of the muscles, nerves, and blood vessels are astonishing and most assuredly seamless from head to toe. It became abundantly clear to me early on that the blood that flows to the brain, the kidneys, the liver, the muscles, etc. also flows into the teeth and the gums. No part of the body functions alone and independent. Obviously, without question, the body functions as a whole.
Then as we studied biochemistry at a very deep level and learned about the things that are going on at a cellular level, we were equally as astonished. The way that the foods we eat are broken down and absorbed and the nutrients are brought into the cells of our bodies is truly amazing. It is amazingly precise. Our bodies only take in exactly what is needed for our system to function optimally at any given time and coming from whole food sources that contain exactly what we need. Think for a moment of the Pulitzer Prize winning discovery that there are at any one time 1 billion proteins in each cell and each one has a tag. And to think that an infected tooth or gum or bone around the teeth can influence things at a cellular level throughout the body, truly raises the importance of how we care for the mouth.
Yet when we step back and look at our medical system, we see things are divided into parts. There are doctors who treat the eyes, the ears, nose & throats, the digestive tracts, the bones, and of course the teeth, often times operating independently of each other while many times what they are treating is related to the same cause. Many times these Professionals do not even speak with one another in regards to ongoing treatment on a patient, leaving the patient to try to sort it out amongst their various medical professionals. Within the dental profession, we have specialists who treat gum disease, straighten teeth, and do surgery, etc. Even they operate independent of each other. Often times patients make the choice of where to begin when they have a particular problem. There is little doubt that the entire system is moving away from the holistic approach to a more “parts” orientation, where more and more the treatment is directed at the symptoms of a disease as opposed to its cause. This is further being driven by the insurance industry as well as the way research topics are chosen and funded in our country. Unfortunately the focus has gotten away from what truly makes us healthy and more toward how can the research that is being done lead to discoveries that can make the big Pharma companies or nutraceuticals, or Medical industries more money. There is a fascinating explanation of how this is occurring in the book Whole, by T. Collin Campbell. I would highly suggest reading it.
Increasing evidence is coming to light relative as to how problems in the mouth are intimately related, in a biologic sense, to heart disease, cancer, diabetes, depressed immune systems, etc. The discovery that there are 11 bacteria that can be found in the mouth and through DNA testing, have been shown to be the same bacteria that are found in the walls of the coronary arteries, and in the actual blood clots of active heart attack victims is hard to ignore. The interesting thing is that we cannot look into the mouth and determine their presence. They can be just as active in what appears to be a healthy mouth as they would be in a mouth with active gum disease. Another good read is The Heart Attack Gene by Brad Bale and Amy Doneen.
Relative to cancer from a biologic standpoint, in 1932 Dr. Otto Warburg won a Nobel Prize for identifying how cancer begins. He discovered that all cancers begin in an acidic environment (low pH), in the presence of excess free calcium (seen as tartar on teeth), a blood sugar of 96-107, and chronic inflammation (like inflamed and bleeding gums or a chronically infected tooth). One can make a case that these killers (heart disease, strokes, and cancers) can often find their origins within the mouth. Thinking holistically, one can only imagine why there is not more collaboration between the medical and dental professions. Another great resource to look into is the website Designed2Win.com. Sam Queen is at the forefront with his work in Holistic biological care and some of the information provided comes from his work in this area.
So when we approach the practice of dentistry from a holistic/biologic point of view it just makes sense that the patients be invited into all decisions that must be made in developing appropriate treatment plans. To the degree the patient is involved in deciding what treatment will be rendered and specifically what techniques and materials will be used, the greater the chance that the patient will have control of what is being done to and placed in their bodies. With almost 2 decades of studying and observing many patients’ journeys toward health, it is my opinion that the more control the patient has in this journey, the greater the chance that they will achieve the outcomes that are most important to them. This is really what it is all about! Our goal is to help all of our patients become as healthy as they want to become. In the end they control their own disease. All we can do is help coach and guide each one of our patients to Their Goals, based on looking at the Whole system, and not just parts of it.