Dental implants are artificial tooth replacements that were first developed half a century ago by a Swedish scientist named Per-Ingvar Branemark. Implants arose from the patient’s need to secure loose-fitting dentures. Since the advent of the implant, engineering and enhancements to the implant have enabled dentists to expand the implant’s usefulness, including the replacement of missing or lost teeth.
Today, implant techniques provide a wide range of tooth replacement solutions including:
- Single Tooth Replacement
- Anterior (Front 6 teeth) Replacement
- Posterior (Back Teeth) Replacement
- Full Upper Arch Replacement
- Full Lower Arch Replacement
Types of Implants – There are three main types of implants:
- The root implant
- The platform implant
- The subperiosteal implant
The root implant—by far, the most popular—is the most effective because it mirrors the size and shape of a patient’s natural tooth. This implant is often as strong as the patient’s original tooth. The implant or artificial root is placed into the jawbone under local anesthesia, then allowed to heal and integrate with the bone. Once the healing process is completed and the jawbone is attached to the implant, the patient returns to the dental office where the implant is fitted with the new tooth. This process generally takes anywhere from three to eight months.
An implant supported denture is a wonderful way to give you lower denture a more stable solid feel. It is especially helpful if your lower jaw bone has receded to the point it no longer can support a conventional denture with stability.
Missing a Tooth? Is an Implant a Treatment Option?
If the missing tooth space has no surrounding teeth, the dentist may decide an implant is the most appropriate treatment choice or option. Sometimes even if there are adjacent teeth on either side of an open space a dental implant is a better treatment option than a bridge would be. The failure rate for a dental implant is considerable lower than a failure rate for a three unit “tooth” bridge. The main disadvantage with a bridge is that the fate of three teeth are linked together, meaning if one tooth fails than the other two may fail as well.
Post Implant Care
Although proper oral hygiene is always recommended for maintaining good dental health, it is especially important when a patient has received a dental implant. Bacteria can attack sensitive areas in the mouth when teeth and gums are not properly cleaned, thus causing gums to swell and jaw bones to gradually recede. Recession of the jawbone will weaken implants and eventually make it necessary for the implant to be removed. Patients are advised to visit their dentists at least twice a year to ensure the health of their teeth and implants. Dental implants can last for decades when given proper care.